python What exactly does “import *” import?

The older and higher western part of the city sits on numerous wooded hills (Kyiv Hills), with ravines and small rivers. Kyiv’s geographical relief contributed to its toponyms, such as Podil (“lower”), Pechersk (“caves”), and uzviz (a steep street, “descent”). Kyiv is a part of the larger Dnieper Upland adjoining the western bank of the Dnieper in its mid-flow, and which contributes to the city’s elevation change. However, according to the 1773 Dictionary of Ancient Geography of Alexander Macbean, that settlement corresponds to the modern city of Chernobyl. Just south of Azagarium, there is another settlement, Amadoca, believed to be the capital of the Amadoci people[74] living in an area between the marshes of Amadoca in the west and the Amadoca mountains in the east.

In addition, the importation and exportation of goods are subject to trade agreements between the importing and exporting jurisdictions. An import is a good or service bought in one country that was produced in another. If the value of a country’s imports exceeds the value of its exports, the country has a negative balance of trade, also known as a trade deficit. Instead, it gets the module object by looking the module name up
in sys.modules. The indirect effect of this is that an imported
module may replace itself in sys.modules.

  1. Its sacred sites, which include the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra (the Monastery of the Caves) and the Saint Sophia Cathedral are probably the most famous.
  2. For the
    purposes of this documentation, we’ll use this convenient analogy of
    directories and files.
  3. Subpackage names are separated from their parent
    package name by a dot, akin to Python’s standard attribute access syntax.

This is because the manner in which
__main__ is initialized depends on the flags and other options with
which the interpreter is invoked. The __name__ attribute must be set to the fully qualified name of
the module. This name is used to uniquely identify the module in
the import system.

Subpackage names are separated from their parent
package name by a dot, akin to Python’s standard attribute access syntax. Thus
you might have a package called email, which in turn has a subpackage
called email.mime and a module within that subpackage called
email.mime.text. You can think of packages as the directories on a file system and modules as
files within directories, but don’t take this analogy too literally since
packages and modules need not originate from the file system.

Translations of import

An is used by the path based finder to
signal that the hook cannot find a path entry finder
for that path entry. The hook
should expect either a string or bytes object; the encoding of bytes objects
is up to the hook (e.g. it may be a file system encoding, UTF-8, or something
else), and if the hook cannot decode the argument, it should raise
ImportError. In order to support imports of modules and initialized packages and also to
contribute portions to namespace packages, path entry finders must implement
the find_spec() method. The path based finder iterates over every entry in the search path, and
for each of these, looks for an appropriate path entry finder
(PathEntryFinder) for the
path entry. Because this can be an expensive operation (e.g. there may be
stat() call overheads for this search), the path based finder maintains
a cache mapping path entries to path entry finders.

City anthem

packages are traditional packages as they existed in Python 3.2 and earlier. A regular package is typically implemented as a directory containing an file. When a regular package is imported, this file is implicitly executed, and the objects it defines are
bound to names in the package’s namespace.

This influences which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page. The evaluation of the specifier is host-specified, but always follows the same algorithm as static import declarations. Unlike the declaration-style counterpart, dynamic imports are only evaluated when needed, and permit greater syntactic flexibility.

Two of these countries were involved in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) that was implemented in 1994 and, at the time, created one of the largest free-trade zones in the world. With very few exceptions, this allowed the free movement of goods and materials between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Economists and policy analysts disagree on the positive and negative impacts of imports.

At least three Arabic-speaking 10th century geographers who traveled the area mention the city of Zānbat as the chief city of the Russes. Among them are ibn import Rustah, Abu Sa’id Gardezi, and an author of the Hudud al-‘Alam. The texts of those authors were discovered by Russian orientalist Alexander Tumansky.

Import of goods

However, they are effectively read-only, because you cannot re-assign a property to a new value. This behavior mirrors the fact that static imports create “live bindings” — the values can be re-assigned by the module exporting them, but not by the module importing them. The writability of the properties reflects the possibility of the values changing, because non-configurable and non-writable properties must be constant.

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The __main__ module is a special case relative to Python’s import
system. As noted elsewhere, the __main__ module
is directly initialized at interpreter startup, much like sys and
builtins. However, unlike those two, it doesn’t strictly
qualify as a built-in module.

The static import declaration is used to import read-only live bindings which are exported by another module. The imported bindings are called live bindings because they are updated by the module that exported the binding, but cannot be re-assigned by the importing module. Importing a package (or anything from inside it) intrinsically loads and executes the package’s — that file defines the body of the package. However, it does not bind the name __init__ in your current namespace (so in this sense it doesn’t import that name). Here, we load 10 modules, /modules/module-0.js, /modules/module-1.js, etc., concurrently, and call the load functions that each one exports.

If the module has a spec (__spec__), the import machinery will try
to generate a repr from it. If that fails or there is no spec, the import
system will craft a default repr using whatever information is available
on the module. It will try to use the module.__name__,
module.__file__, and module.__loader__ as input into the repr,
with defaults for whatever information is missing. It indicates
the pathname of the file from which the module was loaded (if
loaded from a file), or the pathname of the shared library file
for extension modules loaded dynamically from a shared library.

During the onset of the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, Russian forces attempted to seize Kyiv but were repelled by Ukrainian forces on the outskirts of the city. Following the Russian retreat from the region in April 2022, Kyiv has been subject to frequent aerial attacks. Kyiv recovered economically in the post-war years, becoming once again the third-most important city of the Soviet Union. The catastrophic accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986 occurred only 100 km (62 mi) north of the city. However, the prevailing south wind blew most of the radioactive debris away from Kyiv. In World War II, the city again suffered significant damage, and Nazi Germany occupied it from 19 September 1941 to 6 November 1943.

2. Packages¶

And while our site doesn’t feature every company or financial product available on the market, we’re proud that the guidance we offer, the information we provide and the tools we create are objective, independent, straightforward — and free. My recommendation, per Google’s Python style guide, is to only ever import modules, not classes or functions (or other names) from within modules. Strictly following this makes for clarity and precision, and avoids subtle traps that may come when you import “stuff from within a module”. Dynamic imports allow any expression as the module specifier, not necessarily string literals. The United States’ top trading partners, as of November 2020, included China, Canada, Mexico, Japan, and Germany.

You usually need to find distributors and clients who will take on your product and sell to others. Generally, you can find suppliers through companies like Alibaba, Global Sources, and Thomas Register. For example, import() can be used in the main thread, a shared worker, or a dedicated worker, but will throw if called within a service worker or a worklet. The static form is preferable for loading initial dependencies, and can benefit more readily from static analysis tools and tree shaking.

The city has an extensive system of public transport and infrastructure, including the Kyiv Metro. If you’re interested in answering these questions, don’t let the enormity of the task overwhelm you. With the proper research, planning, and documentation, you can launch a successful imports/exports business of your own. In the imports/exports industry, importers and exporters typically take 10% to 15% markup above what the manufacturer charges you when you buy the raw product. Once you find your product, you also need to identify the right market for it. The best products for an import/export business are products that are just starting to become popular, or show some promise to being so in the future.